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Here you can find the recent competition policy and public procurement projects in which Lear has been involved.

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Alleged horizontal agreement in the mobile telecom market

The Italian Competition Authority (ICA) started an investigation into the retail market for mobile telecommunications services to assess whether mobile operators coordinated their strategy with reference to a change in the billing cycle for mobile services imposed by a change in regulation. More specifically, the operators have all reacted to the change in regulation in […] Read more

Competition Economics

Alleged planned obsolescence in the smartphone sector

The Italian Competition Authority (ICA) started an investigation into a leading supplier of consumer electronics, alleging that software updates for a popular smartphone model had the effect of deteriorating the device’s performance. The ICA’s allegation relied on evidence from customers’ repair requests which showed an unusual peak following the release of software updates. Lear economists […] Read more

Procurement, Technical assistance


Over the past years, Serbia has been actively engaged in the modernization of its public procurement system. Since the first Intergovernmental Conference on Serbia’s accession to the European Union, Serbia has been working on the EU integration agenda, and, in particular, on the negotiation of Chapter 5 which relates to public procurement. In 2014, Serbia […] Read more

Competition Economics, Litigation

Quantifying harm from regulation in the telecom sector

Lear is assisting a telecom operator in quantifying harm that will be suffered as a result of a change of the regulated price of compulsory communication data that have to be provided to the Judiciary by law. The analysis developed by Lear aims at verifying the methodology used to determine incremental costs borne by the […] Read more

Cartels, Competition Economics

Alleged horizontal agreement in the market for reinforcing steel

Lear assisted several companies involved in an investigation by the Italian Competition Authority (ICA) for an alleged horizontal agreement in the market for reinforcing steel used in the construction sector. Lear’s analysis showed that the econometric evidences presented by the Authority was not suitable to prove the existence of any anti-competitive agreement and that the […] Read more


Alleged anticompetitive agreement in the market for plasma derivates

The Italian Competition Authority (ICA) in 2018 held an investigation into Kedrion and Grifols, two providers of therapeutic products derived from human blood plasma, for their joint participation in a tender launched by the Italian Healthcare System (SSN). The ICA was concerned that the joint bid had unduly restricted competition for the award of the […] Read more

Cooperation and Vertical Agreements

Alleged foreclosure effects between taxi drivers and cabs dispatching systems

Lear assisted the largest cab dispatching company in the city of Rome, Radiotaxi 3570, in the proceedings before the Italian Competition Authority. The Italian Competition Authority (ICA) has investigated into the top three cab dispatching companies operating in Rome. The three companies are indeed “cooperatives”, whose members are taxi drivers associated with only one of […] Read more