Some of the events, conferences, publications and projects we have worked on are listed below. Some other projects are not listed as we must respect client confidentiality in sensitive areas.
The Administrative Tribunal of Lazio (TAR) has annulled the decision by the Italian Competition Authority (ICA) whereby telecommunications operators had been found to have breached competition law. Read more
Vodafone won its appeal against Eutelia in an action for damages. The case concerns an alleged margin squeeze in the market for fixed-to-mobile voice call termination services. The alleged abuse had been investigated by the Italian Competition Authority in 2007 and was closed with a commitment decision. Eutelia, a fixed operator, had sued Vodafone and asked for compensation for the damages allegedly suffered. Read more
The Lear Competition Note (LCN) discusses the existing literature on the interaction between State aid intervention that incentivizes the investment in decarbonisation technologies and the market-based mechanism relying on the European Union Emission Trading System (ETS). Now in its fourth phase, the EU ETS is often considered the most effective policy to reduce greenhouse gas emissions.
Lear, together with GOP, has assisted the consortium active in the sector of spent lead-acid batteries and accumulators, in its defensive strategy against the allegation of exclusionary practices and has contributed to the submission of commitments to address the competition concerns identified by the Authority. The ICA has closed the investigation without imposing sanctions.
Lear, together with DIW Berlin, E.CA Economics, Sheppard Mullin and University of East Anglia, has been appointed by the European Commission to carry out a background study on State aid in the field of environmental protection and energy. The results will support the Commission in the revision of the EU Guidelines on State aid for environmental protection and energy (EEAG) as well as the respective parts of the General Block Exemption Regulation (GBER). The study addressed three broad topics, structured in three separate study items. Read more
The Lear Competition Festival is officially over! We are extremely satisfied with how it turned out and we are very happy with the quality of the debate.
The videos of the 3-day festival are available at https://bit.ly/3wqToi8
The program includes:
The Competition and Markets Authority (CMA) has updated its Merger Assessment Guidelines to make its approach to merger assessment more in line with recent developments, especially in the digital landscape. In revising its Guidelines, the CMA paid particular attention to the role that changes in technology have been playing in shaping the way firms compete with one another. The new Guidelines are built on Lear’s recommendations on how to approach the assessment of digital mergers included in the “Ex-post Assessment of Merger Control Decisions in Digital Markets” report. These recommendations were broadly meant to address the risk of under-enforcement in digital markets. Read more
The first nomination has been received in the category of Best Soft Law writings for the Competition Advocacy and Communication Strategy that Lear prepared for the Albanian Competition Authority as part of a wider technical assistance project financed by the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development.
You can vote for Lear using this link
The second nomination is in the category of Best Academic writings, for the article “Merger Policy in Digital Markets: an Ex-post Assessment” published in the Journal of Competition Law & Economics in 2020. The paper presents a retrospective evaluation of pivotal merger control decisions in the digital sector, including Facebook/Instagram and Google/Waze.
You can vote for Lear using this link
The best way to begin an economic analysis is to ask a relevant question. In a merger analysis the relevant question is: will the post-merger new entity have the ability and the incentive to exert a higher market power? But which analyses are best suited to answer these questions? This note argues that the best way to make this call is to understand first how firms compete in the market, something economists refer to as the “mode of competition”. Read more