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Our economists publish research papers, write notes and make presentations on projects we have worked on. Have a look to our publications below:

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27 February 2013 - Presentations

Vertical Restraints in e-commerce

Should we change the economic framework and the legal approach to vertical restraints? An assessment by Paolo Buccirossi.


12 February 2013 - Lear Competition Notes , Competition Economics, Mergers

Merger screen and the use of price pressure test

Mergers between competitors might generate relevant anti-competitive effects. Therefore, competition authorities need effective tests to make a preliminary assessment of the likelihood of unilateral effects of horizontal mergers. These tests are usually based on market shares and rely on the definition of the relevant market. However, in some market settings, this approach might fail to […] Read more


30 November 2012 - Lear Competition Notes , Cartels, Competition Economics, Cooperation and Vertical Agreements

Price Relationship Agreements: economic analysis and implications for competition

Price Relationship Agreements (PRAs) are agreements linking one supplier’s price to those charged to other customers or by competitors. Firms adopt PRAs for many different reasons and the competitive effects of these agreements may vary substantially. This note summarizes the main findings of a comprehensive literature review of PRAs, bringing together different economic theories of […] Read more


29 November 2012 - Presentations

Can ‘Fair’ Prices Be Unfair? A Review of Price Relationship Agreements

Studio di Lear per OFT su price relationship agreements (PRA), relativa tassonomia, possibili effetti concorrenziali e criteri di valutazione di alcuni PRA.


9 September 2012 - Research Papers , Competition Economics, Cooperation and Vertical Agreements

Can ‘Fair’ Prices Be Unfair? A Review of Price Relationship Agreements

The report, prepared for the OFT by LEAR, examines the various forms these agreements can take, their potential benefits and anti-competitive effects, drawing on economic literature and relevant case law. The OFT will present the findings today at a joint workshop held by the US Federal Trade Commission and Department of Justice on the implications […] Read more


17 July 2012 - Research Papers , Policy Assessments

Competition policy and productivity growth: an empirical assessment

This paper empirically investigates the effectiveness of Competition Policy by estimatingits impact on Total Factor Productivity (TFP) growth for 22 industries in 12 OECD countries over the period 1995-2005. Using country-industry and time fixed effects, and controlling for most other determinants of productivity growth, we find a robust positiveand significant effect of competition policy as […] Read more


6 November 2011 - Lear Competition Notes , Abuse of Dominance, Competition Economics, Regulation

Which test for bundled discounts

Bundled discounts are a form of price cutting which are presumptively beneficial to consumers. However, bundle offers from a dominant firm might exploit market power to foreclose competitors, thus harming consumers. The European Commission and the DoJ set out a framework to analyze the potential exclusionary effects of bundled discounts by dominant firms. Focusing on […] Read more